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《改革开放40年中国人权事业的发展进步》白皮书(中英对照全文)VIII

发布时间: 2019-02-01 09:40:04   作者:译聚网   来源: 国新网   浏览次数:
摘要: 改革开放极大地解放和发展了社会生产力,成功地开辟了中国特色社会主义道路,也揭开了中国人权事业发展的新篇章。



 2006年以来,中国支持联合国人权理事会设立安全饮用水、文化权、残疾人权利等专题性特别机制;倡导召开关于粮食安全、国际金融危机等的特别会议,积极推动完善国际人权机制。中国是最早参加联合国气候变化大会的国家,全程参与并有效推动国际气候谈判,为《巴黎气候变化协定》的最终通过作出贡献。中国积极推动联合国《2030年可持续发展议程》的制定和实施

 Since 2006, China has supported UNHRC in establishing specialized mechanisms for securing safe drinking water, cultural rights, and the rights of persons with disabilities, in calling for special conferences on food security and global financial crisis, and in improving the international mechanisms for protecting human rights.

  China is one of the first countries that attended the UN Climate Change Conference. China is an enthusiastic participant and an effective proponent in international climate negotiations, and has contributed to the adoption of the Paris Agreement. China has facilitated the formulation and implementation of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development by the United Nations.

  积极参与联合国人权事务。自1979年起,中国连续3年作为观察员出席联合国人权委员会会议。1981年,中国在联合国经社理事会组织会议上当选为人权委员会成员国。自1982年起,中国正式担任人权委员会成员国并一直连选连任。自1984年起,中国推荐的专家连续当选为防止歧视和保护少数小组委员会的委员和候补委员。积极参与人权委员会对相关议题的讨论和磋商。为构建公正、客观、透明的国际人权机制,中国积极参与联合国人权专门机制的改革,在设立联合国人权理事会的磋商和最后表决过程中发挥了重要作用。自2006年3月以来,中国四度当选人权理事会成员。同联合国人权高专办等保持建设性接触,鼓励其客观、公正履职,重视发展中国家关切。与人权理事会特别机制开展合作,自1994年以来,中国先后邀请宗教信仰自由特别报告员、任意拘留问题工作组、教育权特别报告员、酷刑问题特别报告员、粮食权特别报告员、消除对妇女歧视问题工作组、外债对人权影响问题独立专家、极端贫困与人权问题特别报告员访华。认真对待人权理事会特别机制来函,在认真调查的基础上及时答复。深入参与有关人权机制工作,推动多边人权机构以公正、客观、非选择性方式处理人权问题。认真落实中国在人权理事会第一轮、第二轮国别人权审查中接受的建议,积极参与第三轮国别人权审查。连任联合国非政府组织委员会成员。多名专家出任联合国人权理事会咨询委员会、形势工作组成员。鼓励非政府组织积极参与人权理事会等人权机制活动。

  Engaging in UN human rights undertakings. From 1979 to 1981, China attended the meetings of the UNCHR as an observer state. In 1981, China was elected a member state of the UNCHR at the meeting of the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC). In 1982, China became an official member state of the UNCHR and has maintained this position ever since. Since 1984, a succession of experts recommended by China have been elected members and alternate members of the United Nations Sub-commission on the Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities. China takes an active part in discussions and negotiations of relevant issues in the UNCHR.

  To build a fair, objective and transparent international mechanism for protecting human rights, China is a vigorous proponent of reform of the UN special mechanisms for protecting human rights; it played a significant role in the negotiations and final vote on establishing the UNHRC. Since March 2006, China has been elected a UNHRC member state four times. China maintains constructive contacts with the United Nations Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), encouraging the OHCHR to perform its duties fairly and objectively, and directing more attention to the concerns of developing countries.


  China conducts cooperation with the Special Procedures of the Human Rights Council. Since 1994, China has invited the following UN representatives to visit the country: the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Religion or Belief, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Right to Education, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the Right to Food, the United Nations Working Group on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, the United Nations Independent Expert on the Effects of Foreign Debt and Other Related International Financial Obligations of States on the Full Enjoyment of All Human Rights, Particularly Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, and the United Nations Special Rapporteur on Extreme Poverty and Human Rights. China handles letters from the Special Procedures of the Human Rights Council with due attention, carrying out any necessary investigations and giving timely replies.

  China is deeply involved in international mechanisms for protecting human rights, assisting multilateral human rights organizations to address such issues in a fair, objective and nonselective manner. China has implemented the suggestions adopted during the first and second Universal Periodic Review (UPR) cycles, and is actively participating in the third UPR cycle. China has been reelected a member state of the United Nations Committee on Non-governmental Organizations. Chinese experts have been appointed members of the UNHRC Advisory Committee and the Working Group on Situations. China encourages its NGOs to participate vigorously in the UNHRC and other human rights protection mechanisms.



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