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《中国的北极政策》白皮书(中英对照)III

发布时间: 2018-03-19 09:29:22   作者:译聚网   来源: 国新网   浏览次数:
摘要: 国务院新闻办公室1月26日发表《中国的北极政策》白皮书,全文如下。



4.参与旅游资源开发


  北极旅游是新兴的北极活动,中国是北极游客的来源国之一。中国支持和鼓励企业与北极国家合作开发北极旅游资源,主张不断完善北极旅游安全、保险保障和救援保障体系,切实保障各国游客的安全。坚持对北极旅游从业机构与人员进行培训和监管,致力于提高中国游客的北极环保意识,积极倡导北极的低碳旅游、生态旅游和负责任旅游,推动北极旅游业可持续发展。


  中国坚持在尊重北极地区居民和土著人的传统和文化,保护其独特的生活方式和价值观,以及尊重北极国家为加强北极地区居民能力建设、促进经济社会发展、提高教育和医疗水平所作努力的前提下,参与北极资源开发利用,使北极地区居民和土著人成为北极开发的真正受益者。


(4) Participating in developing tourism resources


Arctic tourism is an emerging industry, and China is a source of tourists to the Arctic. China supports and encourages its enterprises to cooperate with Arctic States in developing tourism in the region, and calls for continuous efforts to enhance security, insurance, and rescue systems to ensure the safety of tourists in the Arctic. China conducts training for and regulates Chinese tourism agencies and professionals involved in Arctic tourism, and endeavors to raise the environmental awareness of Chinese tourists. China advocates low-carbon tourism, ecotourism, and responsible tourism, and hopes to contribute to the sustainable development of Arctic tourism.


China takes part in the development and utilization of Arctic resources on the condition of respecting the traditions and cultures of the Arctic residents including the indigenous peoples, preserving their unique lifestyles and values, and respecting the efforts made by the Arctic States to empower the local citizens, foster their social and economic progress, and improve education and medical services, so that the Arctic residents, including the indigenous peoples, will truly benefit from the development of Arctic resources.


  (四)积极参与北极治理和国际合作


  中国主张构建和完善北极治理机制。坚持依法规范、管理和监督中国公民、法人或者其他组织的北极活动,努力确保相关活动符合国际法并尊重有关国家在环境保护、资源养护和可持续利用方面的国内法,切实加强中国北极对外政策和事务的统筹协调。在此基础上,中国积极参与北极国际治理,坚持维护以《联合国宪章》和《联合国海洋法公约》为核心的现行北极国际治理体系,努力在北极国际规则的制定、解释、适用和发展中发挥建设性作用,维护各国和国际社会的共同利益。


  中国主张稳步推进北极国际合作。加强共建“一带一路”倡议框架下关于北极领域的国际合作,坚持共商、共建、共享原则,重点开展以政策沟通、设施联通、贸易畅通、资金融通、民心相通为主要内容的务实合作,包括加强与北极国家发展战略对接、积极推动共建经北冰洋连接欧洲的蓝色经济通道、积极促进北极数字互联互通和逐步构建国际性基础设施网络等。中方愿与各方以北极为纽带增进共同福祉、发展共同利益。


4. Participating Actively in Arctic governance and international cooperation


China is committed to improving and complementing the Arctic governance regime. China has worked to regulate and supervise the activities of Chinese citizens, legal persons or other organizations in the Arctic in accordance with the law to ensure that their activities accord with international law and respect the relevant national laws on environmental protection, resource conservation, and sustainable development. And it has endeavored to strengthen overall coordination of its Arctic policy and related affairs. Furthermore, China takes an active part in the international governance of the Arctic. China upholds the current Arctic governance system with the UN Charter and the UNCLOS as its core, plays a constructive part in the making, interpretation, application and development of international rules regarding the Arctic, and safeguards the common interests of all nations and the international community.


China stands for steadily advancing international cooperation on the Arctic. It has worked to strengthen such cooperation under the Belt and Road Initiative according to the principle of extensive consultation, joint contribution and shared benefits and emphasized policy coordination, infrastructure connectivity, unimpeded trade, financial integration, and closer people-to-people ties. Concrete cooperation steps include coordinating development strategies with the Arctic States, encouraging joint efforts to build a blue economic passage linking China and Europe via the Arctic Ocean, enhancing Arctic digital connectivity, and building a global infrastructure network. China hopes to work for the common good of all parties and further common interests through the Arctic.




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