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Broker, Intermediary, Jobber, Finder 和 Middleman法律术语分析

发布时间: 2017-09-29 15:29:16   作者:etogether.net   来源: 网络   浏览次数:
摘要: 粘贴出来Broker, Intermediary, Jobber, Finder 和 Middleman法律术语分析及英语解释以供大家参考。


这些单词均有“中间人”或“居间人”的含义,但各自有一些差异。其中,broker为“经纪人”,主要是指以收取佣金 (commission)为目的而代表他人直接参加谈判,议价,进行买卖交易者,故其更接近买卖代理人的含义,其可参与多种交易, 如不动产买卖、证券、股票交易等[1] 。intermediary为“居间人”或“调停人”,主要是指在分歧双方或谈判双方之间进行斡旋,起联系或谈判作用者[2]。jobber主要是指商品买卖交易中的中间人[3]。finder则是指为他人寻找商机或介绍客户且因此而领取佣金者,但他却不直接参与交易谈判或运作[4]。middleman所包括的含义较广,其可指仅将当事人撮合一块让他们自己签约者,也可具有broker, jobber或intermediary等的含义[5]。
 
[1]“ A person or entity that puts together a buyer and seller of property or services,acting as an agent for one or both of the parties and taking a commission on the transaction. Examples include a broker who arranges insurance coverage for people or companies,a broker who arranges sales of real property,and a broker who arranges purchases and sales of stocks and bond. ”Cf. James E. Clapp, Random House Websters Dictionary of the Law, at p. 64, Random House, New York (2000).
[2]“ A mediator or go-between; a third party negotiator. ”Cf. Bryan A. Gamer, Black's Law Dictionary, 7th edition, at p. 820, West Group (1999).
[3]“ Someone who buys and sells goods wholesale and handles goods on commission. ” Cf. G. H. L. Fridman,Sales of Goods in Canada, 3rd edition, at p. 493, Toronto, Carswell (1986).
[4] "An intermediary who contracts to find, introduce and bring together parties to a business opportunity,leaving ultimate negotiations and consummation of business transaction to the principals. ” The Publisher's Editorial Staff, Black's Law Dictionary, abridged 6th edition, at p. 437, West Publishing Co. (1991 ).
[5] "An agent between two parties;an intermediary who performs the office of a broker or factor between a seller and buyer, producer and consumer, land-owner and tenant, etc." Id. at p. 685.

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